Glaucoma Services in Phoenix and Scottsdale, AZ
Many of the individuals who visit our clinics in Phoenix and Scottsdale are surprised to receive a diagnosis of glaucoma. Although this eye disease ranks #2 among causes of blindness in the U.S., patients might not be aware of any symptoms during the earliest stages. Any vision loss linked to this disorder is permanent. Our eye doctors at Optical Expressions note that the goal of treating this condition is saving as much vision as possible.
Glaucoma remains incurable and can cause blindness if it is not treated. It is caused by a failure of the eye’s drainage system to function properly. Pressure within an affected eye rises quickly as the fluid fails to drain adequately. This pressure can permanently damage the optic nerve.
There are two types of glaucoma. Patients with open-angle glaucoma, the more frequent type, usually experience no symptoms until they have lost some vision. The angle-closure type occurs after a complete shutdown of drainage.
Blind spots may occur in the central or the side visual field. This results in tunnel vision and is typical among open-angle sufferers. Patients with the angle-closure type are likely to experience blurred vision, headaches, eye pain, halos surrounding lights, red eyes, nausea, and vomiting.
Some risk factors apply to both types of this disease:
- Age greater than 50
- A family history
- Thin sections in the center of corneas
- Above-normal intraocular pressure
- Severe nearsightedness or farsightedness
- Asian, African-American, or Hispanic ethnicity
- Prior injury to an eye
- Extended corticosteroid use
- Certain eye surgeries
When a glaucoma patient experiences symptoms, the first symptom is typically vision that seems foggy or cloudy. This can eventually result in peripheral vision loss. Our eye doctors check for signs of this and other diseases with a comprehensive optometry exam. If tonometry indicates above-normal internal eye pressure, more tests are required. The right treatment for each patient depends on the progression of the disease. The options for treatment include eye drops, prescription medication, and various surgical procedures that allow the fluid to drain properly.
Schedule an Exam with Our Optometrists in Phoenix and Scottsdale
Each of our Optical Expressions clinics is a full-service practice to meet your eye care needs, whether you require treatment for an eye disease such as glaucoma or are looking for just the right glasses, contact lenses, or sunglasses. Your vision is priceless, protect it by calling us today to schedule an exam with one of our optometrists. Call our office in the Willow District at (602) 254-3169, our office in Hilton Village at (480) 998-1606, or our Esplanade office at (602) 224-5772.