Myopia, also known as nearsightedness, is a common refractive error. It occurs when the shape of your eye incorrectly bends light rays, making it difficult to see objects in the distance. Fortunately, our professionals at Optical Expressions, serving Scottsdale and Phoenix, AZ, can easily diagnose myopia and create a treatment plan.
Who Is at Risk for Myopia?
Myopia runs in families. If one or both of your parents have myopia, you have a greater risk of having it.
Myopia can develop over time or very rapidly. This condition often gets worse during childhood and adolescence.
What Are the Symptoms of Myopia?
Myopia makes it difficult to see objects at a distance. The symptoms include:
- Objects at a distance appear blurry
- Needing to squint to see objects at a distance more clearly
- Headaches caused when you strain your eyes while trying to see distant objects
- Trouble seeing while driving, especially at night
How Is Myopia Diagnosed?
Myopia can be diagnosed during your annual eye exam. Our eye doctors will have you read the letters on the Snellen eye chart. If you have trouble seeing the letters, our optometrists can do a refraction test. This will help our team determine the severity of your condition and determine what prescription you need to see clearly.
How Is Myopia Treated?
There are several treatment options available for myopia. The one you choose would depend on your lifestyle, your personal choice, and the severity of your condition. Our treatment options include:
- Eyeglasses: Eyeglasses are the most common treatment option for myopia. Our optometrist can prescribe a pair of lenses and fit them in an eyeglass frame that you choose.
- Contact lenses: Contacts are a popular alternative to eyeglasses. Many people choose contacts because they are easy and natural looking. We offer specialty contact lenses for different eye conditions. Also, if you frequently participate in physical activities, contact lenses are more convenient than eyeglasses. If you wear contacts, it’s a good idea to have a pair of glasses just in case you need them.
- Lasik surgery: Lasik is a procedure that reshapes your cornea, treating the refractive error. To be a good candidate, your eyes need to be healthy. You also need to be in good physical health and your prescription must meet the perimeters set by the Food and Drug Administration.
- Ortho-K: Ortho-K, also known as orthokeratology, are special contact lenses. You wear them at night, and while you are sleeping, they gently reshape your cornea. When you wake up in the morning you will be able to see clearly. As long as you wear the contacts every night, you won't need to rely on glasses or contacts. Studies have shown that Ortho-K can slow the progression of myopia in children, preserving their vision for the future.
Visit Our Optometrists
If you have myopia, or are starting to have trouble seeing distant objects, your vision doesn’t have to suffer. At Optical Expressions, serving Scottsdale and Phoenix, AZ, our experts can help. We can diagnose and treat myopia and a variety of other eye and vision conditions. To schedule an appointment, call us today.